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National Standards Addressed
Earth and Space Science: Earth in the Solar System
Science as Inquiry: Design & Conduct Investigation; Analyze
& Interpret Data, Develop Explanations, Think Critically
Physical Science: Position and Motion of Objects
Physical Science: Earth & Space: Objects in the Sky
Physical Science: Earth & Space: Changes in the Earth &
Cardinal directions; movement of the sun; rotation of the earth;
relationship between time, sun, and location on earth.
Geographic versus magnetic north
Drifting of the earth’s magnetic pole
History of clocks and timekeeping
• Can you explain why it is day for some people in the world
while it is night for others?
• How does the sun’s passage across the sky during the
day affect where your shadow will fall?
The Chacoan people built many buildings to align with the cardinal
directions (north, south, east and west). Why would these kinds
of alignments be important to ancient people living in the desert?
Make a sun clock and use the sun’s shadow to tell time
Check for Understanding
• What will this exercise look like if you try to do it at
• How would your finding of north be different if you were
on daylight saving time and you forgot to set your watch back an