1: To get a good cambium match, the diameter
of the scionwood should equal the diamter of the rootstock branch
you want to graft to. Slightly thicker than a pencil is a good
size for apple scions; bring the scionwood over to the rootstock
tree and search till you find a branch that is of similar girth.
Step 2: Keep the scionwood moist in a cup of water. (The best
grafter I know sticks the cut end in his mouth until he is ready
Step 3: Cut the tip off the rootstock branch with the grafting
knife, making an elongated, diagonal cut. The object here is to
expose the largest area of green cambium.
Step 4: Cut the scionwood on the same diagonal slant, so the two
pieces will fit together as if they were one branch. If the pieces
don’t match up the first time, keep cutting and trimming.
Practice makes perfect; just be careful with that knife!
Step 5: Press the scionwood and the rootstock together, cambium
to cambium. Tie them securely together with a cut rubber band.
Step 6: Apply a grafting sealant
to completely cover the cut areas and the rubber band. This will
prevent the graft from drying out. Some grafters also wrap a paper
bag loosely around the graft to shield it from drying wind and
7: Tie a ribbon or metal tag to the grafted branch so you
will remember where it is. By summer, you should see new leaves
growing from the scionwood; this is the sign that the cambium has
fused successfully. Slit the rubber band and/or sealant at the
end of the summer so the branch can continue to thicken normally.