Inquiry Descriptions

IFI Book

Inquiry Bibliography

Inquiry Education Information for the Classroom

Inquiry Education for Teacher Workshops

Inquiry Education Research

Museum Education

Inquiry Websites

Other Publications and Websites of Interest

Inquiry Education Research

Black, Paul and Dylan Wiliam
"Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment"
Phi Delta Kappan; v80 n2, Oct 1998.

Bonnstetter, Ronald J.
"Inquiry: Learning from the Past with an Eye on the Future"
EJSE (Electronic Journal of Science Education); v3 n1, Sept 1998.

Brandt, Ron
"On Teaching for Understanding: A Conversation with Howard Gardner"
Educational Leadership, v50 n7, April 1993.
Abstract: How do we preserve the imagination and the questioning of the 5-year-old mind, but replace the child's notions with well-founded theories and accurate conceptions? Howard Gardner has some ideas.

Bruer, John T.
"In Search of . . . Brain-Based Education"
Phi Delta Kappan; v80 n9, May 1999.

Cohen, Michael R.; Kagan, Martin H.
"Where Does the Old Moon Go?"
Science Teacher; v46 n8, pp. 22-23, Nov 1979.
Abstract: Describes some common misconceptions of children about the way the world works. Ways for teachers and curriculum developers to become aware of these misconceptions are also included.

Duckworth, Eleanor.
Inventing Density
Grand Forks, ND: North Dakota Study Group on Evaluation,1986.
Abstract: "This is a story about the collective creation of knowledge: its multiple beginnings; its movement forward, backwards, sidewards; its intertwining pathways. The setting is a course in the educational psychology of science teaching, at the University of Geneva." (author)

Hawkins, David.
"Critical Barriers to Science Learning"
Outlook; 29; pp. 3-23, 1978.
Abstract: The author illustrates and discusses some critical barrier phenomena, such as the optics of mirrors and heat and cold, which most people have difficulty extending beyond an everyday understanding.

Hawkins, David.
"Messing About in Science" In The Informed Vision: Essays on Learning and Human Nature. New York: Agathon Press, 1974. pp. 63-75.
Abstract: There are three major phases of good science teaching; teaching that does not mix all three is not likely to be optimal.

Inverness Research Associates
The Principals Of Educational Reform: Supporting Mathematics And Science Teaching In Your School -- A Handbook For Elementary And Middle School Principals
NSF Monograph, grant number OSR-9350033. April, 1999
Abstract: Written explicitly for school principals to help them orchestrate a process of school-wide improvement in the teaching of mathematics, science and technology. (Please note that this is a PDF document which requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to download it. For instructions on getting this free software,
click here.)

Klentschy, Michael; Garrison, Leslie; and, Amaral , Olga Maia
Valle Imperial Project in Science (VIPS)
Four-Year Comparison of Student Achievement Data 1995-1999, Research Series No. 1
(Published by The Educational Research Institute, San Diego State University, Imperial Valley Campus, Calexico, California 92231.)
Abstract: This research shows a strong positive impact on test scores as a result of using a kit-based elementary science curriculum over several years. Participating students at the 4th and 6th grade level increased their scores dramatically on the SAT 9 test and on a writing proficiency test.

Lorsbach, Anthony; Tobin, Kenneth.
Constructivism as a referent for science teaching In Research Matters to the Science Teacher, NARST Monograph No. 5, 7 pp., 1992.
Abstract: Presents the case for using constructivism for teaching science in the classroom. Challenges the reader to reflect on his or her science teaching and to implement changes that accord with constructivism.

Minstrell, Jim; Smith, Carol
"What Research Says: Alternative Conceptions and a Strategy for Change."
Science and Children; v21 n3, pp. 31-33, Nov-Dec 1983.
Abstract: Examines children's conceptual frameworks and, recognizing that they may be inaccurate, proposes such teaching strategies to aid students in modifying inadequate frameworks as: asking for ideas, listening respectfully, providing guided experiences, and encouraging discussion in non-threatening settings. Stresses learning as an active, thinking, social process with teachers as diagnostic specialists.

Perkins, David and Tina Blythe
"Teaching for Understanding: Putting Understanding Up Front"
Educational Leadership, v51 n5, February 1994.

Abstract: A simple four-part framework gives teachers a language and strategy for enhancing their efforts to teach for greater understanding.

Perkins, David
"Teaching for Understanding"
American Educator: The Professional Journal of the American Federation of Teachers; v17 n3, pp. 8,28-35, Fall 1993.
(Section topic: "To Memorize and Recite or to Think and Do? Observations from Near and Far.")
Abstract: Explores the meaning of understanding and the importance of teaching for understanding. Typical classrooms do not give sufficient presence to thoughtful engagement in understanding performance. How to teach for learning is reviewed, focusing on both teaching and assessment. The need for generative knowledge is discussed.

Severide, Rebecca C.; Pizzini, Edward L.
"What Research Says: The Role of Play in Science."
Science and Children, pp. 58-61, May 1984.
Abstract: The realm of play and make-believe and the realm of scientific inquiry seem to be worlds apart. Play is fanciful, divergent, and subjective. Scientific inquiry is logical, linear, systematic, and objective. Yet scientists often solve problems most effectively and innovatively when they pursue solutions in a spirit of play. This is a paradox. How can two such different realms be related?

Wheatley, G. H.
"Constructivist Perspectives on Science and Mathematics Learning." Science Education; v75 n1, pp. 9-21, Jan 1991.
Abstract: In this article, constructivism is examined as an epistemological basis for school science and mathematics instruction. The nature and process of constructing scientific and mathematical knowledge in school settings is also considered. A distinction is made between truth and feasibility, and the implications for science education are discussed. Also, discusses problem-centered learning and cooperative learning. (over 40 references)

Wiske, Martha Stone
"How Teaching for Understanding Changes the Rules in the Classroom."
Educational Leadership; v51 n5, pp. 19-21, Deb 1994.
Abstract: Leaving a door unlocked is the same as giving everyone a key. Schools and teachers must heed this reminder and unlock the doors to understanding, shifting from an intellectual privacy perspective to one of shared intellectual empowerment where everyone holds the keys. Teachers must be learners and openly negotiate knowledge with students; they must be authoritative without being authoritarian.

Yager, Robert E.
"The Constructivist Learning Model"
Science Teacher; v58 n6, pp. 52-57, Sep 1991.
Abstract: Provides a brief overview of the constructivist learning model and characterizes the science classroom where the constructivist model can best be used.

Inquiry Resources

Inquiry Descriptions / IFI Book / Inquiry Bibliography / Inquiry Education Information for the Classroom / Inquiry Education for Teacher Workshops /
Inquiry Education Research / Museum Education / Inquiry Websites /
Other Publications and Websites of Interest

Institute for Inquiry Home

© Exploratorium 3601 Lyon Street, San Francisco, CA 94123