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Learning Disabilities Pathfinder

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Basic Definitions

The term "learning disability" means a disorder in one or more of the basic processes involved in understanding spoken or written language. Common learning disabilities include: dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyspraxia and auditory, memory and processing disabilities.

Learning Disabilities basics from the American Libraries Associations's Roads to Learning
http://www.ala.org/roads/basics.html

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Basic Resources

Books

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Web Sources

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Magazine Sources

Recent Magazine articles focusing on dyslexia, learning disabilities and/or attention deficit disorder.

  • Overcoming Dyslexia
    Fortune Magazine, May 13, 2002 v145, 10 p54

  • Dyslexia: New Hope for Kids Who Can't Read
    Newsweek, Novemberk 22, 1999

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Compelling Challenges and Unique Gifts

Dyslexia has surprising talents along with its well known disadvantages.

"I had no legal training, no evaluation skills of any type, but what I did have is that wierd combination of photographic memory and dyslexia, mixed with a healthy dose of perseverance, concentration and commitment."
Erin Brockovich

Flower structure and the sun

Albert Einstein had a way of explaining difficult concepts using images that were easy to understand.

...(he)"saw complex relationships in his head". "He could visualize the structure of a flower or the quanta of light emanating from the sun."
(Valley Times, 4/2/01, C-2)

"I think in 3-D Technicolor pictures instead of words."
Bill Dreyer, inventor and biologist at Caltech

For some dyslexics a sentence seems like hieroglyphics. Indeed hieroglyphics might be easier to learn and understand.

Egyptian Hieroglyphic Chart
Mountain in Kanji

Recent research has shown that there is cultural compenent to dyslexia. There are more English dyslexics than Italian, because English is a more irregular language. Science March 16, 2001 Vol.291 (p.2064) Science www.sciencemag.org

Oxford Dyslexia Unit
Neurophysiological Bases of Dyslexia

Evolution of Alphabets

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Teaching Resources

"My plea is that teachers understand that we learn differently."
Bill Dreyer, inventor and biologist at Caltech

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Famous Dyslexics

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One last thought on Talents:

Excerpts from...

Succeeding Against the Odds

"...well, none of us asked for a dyslexic child. The Einsteins, the Pattons, the Edisons did not ask for one either, nor did they realize that God was giving them a genius, a hero, a great inventor."

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last update:
7/22/02
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©2002 The Exploratorium