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00:00:55
Why do the hands on clocks go "clockwise?" Seems like a circular definition, but if you looked closely at sundials in the northern hemisphere, you'd notice that the shadow of the sun moves around the sundial in a "clockwise" direction. This was adopted by clock-makers and became the standard we know today. In the southern hemisphere, the sun's shadow moves around the dial in the opposite direction, so if clocks had been invented there, our watches would move the other way.

01:13:00
On August 1, 2008, a total solar eclipse occurred as the new moon moved directly between the sun and the earth. The moon's umbral shadow fell on parts of Canada, Greenland, the Arctic Ocean, Russia, Mongolia, and China. The Exploratorium's eclipse expedition team (our fifth!) Webcast the eclipse live from the remote Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in northwestern China near the Mongolian border.

01:53:32
The Exploratorium celebrates the 20th anniversary of Pi Day with a pie-throwing contest, Pi Day exhibits in Second Life, and more activities honoring everyone's favorite mathematical constant.

00:04:05
3/14 at 1:59 pm It's also Einstein's Birthday From San Francisco to New York, in museums, universities, classrooms and in the privacy of one’s own home - and of course on Second Life - people are celebrating Pi. In 2008, we celebrate the 20th anniversary of Pi Day, an international holiday born at San Francisco’s Exploratorium.

00:24:36
Join Exploratorium staff Paul Doherty and Robyn Higdon as they discuss the Transit of Mercury.

05:12:09
On November 8, 2006, Mercury slowly slid across the face of the sun during a relatively rare event known as a transit. The Exploratorium's Live@ crew was at the Kitt Peak National Observatory in Arizona to cover the event. This webcast includes a brief history of Kitt Peak and its 21 telescopes.

1:16:37
On March 29, 2006, a total solar eclipse occurred as the moon moved directly between the earth and the sun. The moon's shadow fell on the earth, first darkening the eastern tip of Brazil, and then moved across the Atlantic Ocean to make landfall in Ghana, Africa. It continued moving northeast through Nigeria, Niger, Libya, Egypt, across the Mediterranean and into Turkey, where an Exploratorium team was waiting.

2:53:54
A telescope-only view of the 2006 eclipse, as seen from Turkey.

1:02:13
In this zany competition teachers will have ten minutes to create a science activity from a special St. Patrick's Day secret ingredient-things that are green!

02:03:07
Celebrate the spring equinox at the Mayan ruins of Chichén Itzá, in the state of Yucatan, Mexico. The alignment of the sun on this day creates the appearance of a shadow, in the form of a serpent, that descends the main staircase of the great pyramid. The Live@Exploratorium crew is there to capture the snake on film and to speak with local archaeologists, archeoastronomers, and solar scientists about this amazing phenomenon.