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00:32:24
Chris McKay, Planetary Scientist at the NASA Ames Research Center, has traveled the world seeking Mars-like environments. In the Dry Valleys of Antarctica—his favorite Mars analog on Earth—Dr. McKay discovered a kind of algae living inside rocks porous to light and water. He’ll show us some of these rocks and talk about the physical conditions required for life.

00:37:45
Jonathan Trent, Astrobiologist, NASA Ames Research Center studies "thermophiles," heat-loving microbes inhabiting places once thought too hostile for life, but analogous to environments that might be found on other planets. He discovered that some of these microbes make a protein that appears to stabilize their cell membranes (and may have applications for nanotechnology).

00:32:56
Nathalie Cabrol, Planetary Scientist, Principal Investigator at NASA Ames Research Center and the SETI Institute, looks for Mars analogs in extreme environments on Earth. She found one at the world’s highest lake at Chile’s Licancabur volcano, site of a unique analog to ancient Martian lakes. We chat with Dr. Cabrol as she investigates the life forms at Licancabur.

00:10:19
Join the Exploratorium's Dr. Paul Doherty as he visits a "sculpture to observe the stars" in northern New Mexico, where the Sangre de Cristo Mountains meet the eastern plains. There artist Charles Ross is creating an art installation that is also a star observatory. This major earthwork has two main elements: the Star Tunnel, which allows you to walk through the entire history of the earth's changing alignment to our North Star, Polaris; and the Solar Pyramid, where one can visually experience an hour of the earth's rotation.

00:37:05
We stayed up with Exploratorium scientist Ron Hipschman at the Lick Observatory in San Jose, California, for the best view we've had of Mars in a long, long time. At midnight on August 27, Earth and Mars passed closer to one another than they have in 60,000 years. Astronomers were on hand to tell us all about our nearest neighbor—its geography, orbit, and why both NASA and the European Space Agency have chosen this time to launch robotic missions to Mars.

1:14:47
Join us from the front porch of the Exploratorium as we check out today's partial solar eclipse. Learn safe viewing practices, then go outside and watch for yourself!

0:47:40
Join the Origins team as they travel to Antarctica. We sent Mary, Noel, Paul, and Julie to explore scientific wonders from McMurdo to the Pole. Learn all about the extreme science being conducted at the South Pole in a daily dispatch from Terra Australis Incognita!

0:59:07
On Thursday, June 21, 2001, a total solar eclipse sped across the Southern Hemisphere. The shadow of the moon first darkened the South Atlantic about 250 miles east of the Uruguay coast. It crossed the Atlantic Ocean, traversed southern Africa and the island of Madagascar, and then vanished into the darkness as night fell over the Indian Ocean. We sent our crew to the country of Zambia to bring images of the total solar eclipse as it happened.

0:01:01
On November 15th, 1999, for the first time in 25 years, the planet Mercury passed between us (in the western hemisphere) and the sun--an event known as a "transit." Here is one of five short streaming videos detailing the event.

0:02:02
On November 15th, 1999, for the first time in 25 years, the planet Mercury passed between us (in the western hemisphere) and the sun--an event known as a "transit." Here is one of five short streaming videos detailing the event.