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The science behind this musical instrument, including the concepts of sound, vibration, resonance, and amplification.

An introduction to a crowd-pleasing noisemaker called a sound sandwich, which you can adjust to raise or lower its pitch.

A detailed demonstration of how to make this primitive wind instrument using little more than a straw, two craft sticks, and some rubber bands.

The science behind this instrument, including a discussion of how vibration produces sound, and how long, massive objects vibrate slowly and produce a low-pitched sound, while shorter, less massive objects vibrate quickly and produce a high-pitched sound.

An introduction to an instrument much like a saxophone but made of a water bottle and a paper tube.

A detailed demonstration of how to make the saxophone-like membranophone, including a discussion of materials needed.

The science behind the water bottle membranophone, including a discussion of how air vibrates the instrument's membrane, producing sound.

How do opera singers sing loud enough to be heard over an orchestra? Can an opera singer's voice really break a wine glass? What's the difference between a baritone and a soprano? Discover the answers to these questions—and more!—in this presentation for families. Join physicist and composer Dr. Brian Holmes and San Francisco Opera Center Director Sheri Greenawald to explore how the art and science of singing combine in opera.

Watch as Exploratorium staff and local teachers compete for the title of Iron Science Teacher. Each contestant has 10 minutes to make a science lesson out of a science ingredient. This is a Halloween edition of Iron Science Teacher, and today's secret ingredient is: Bones!

Watch as the best teachers on the planet battle it out for the title of Iron Science Teacher. In this zany competition teachers will have ten minutes to create a science activity. This week’s “secret” ingredient- carbohydrates!