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Catch one of the After Dark: Sexplorations highlights from February 6, 2014! Watch as Exploratorium Biologists, Karli Woodward and Caitlin Johnson demonstrate a live sea urchin fertilization. In today's program, Exploratorium scientists Paul Doherty and Karen Kalumuck will look at examples of life in extreme environments on Earth. As Mars is an extreme environment, the question remains-could it have supported any form of microbial life? If you sink it, they will come. That’s what Exploratorium biologist Karen Kalumuck learned when she decided to experiment by submerging PVC plates under the piers at Marina Harbor. In this program, you'll meet the bizarre aquatic life forms that inhabit our Bay. We went and talked with the folks who ran the Microzoo camp at Burning Man 2010, and learned about critters in extreme environments. The Exploratorium TV crew caught up with Exploratorium Living Systems director, Dr. Kristina Yu, at After Dark: Sexplorations. Kristina confirmed it for us—sex is all around us, all the time. Chris McKay, Planetary Scientist at the NASA Ames Research Center, has traveled the world seeking Mars-like environments. In the Dry Valleys of Antarctica—his favorite Mars analog on Earth—Dr. McKay discovered a kind of algae living inside rocks porous to light and water. He’ll show us some of these rocks and talk about the physical conditions required for life. Jonathan Trent, Astrobiologist, NASA Ames Research Center studies "thermophiles," heat-loving microbes inhabiting places once thought too hostile for life, but analogous to environments that might be found on other planets. He discovered that some of these microbes make a protein that appears to stabilize their cell membranes (and may have applications for nanotechnology). Nathalie Cabrol, Planetary Scientist, Principal Investigator at NASA Ames Research Center and the SETI Institute, looks for Mars analogs in extreme environments on Earth. She found one at the world’s highest lake at Chile’s Licancabur volcano, site of a unique analog to ancient Martian lakes. We chat with Dr. Cabrol as she investigates the life forms at Licancabur. Dr. James Watson is the President of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and the co-discoverer of the double helix, for which he won a Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1962. Dr. Watson was also the first director of the Human Genome Project. He talks with us about early discoveries in molecular biology, the Human Genome Project, and what makes Cold Spring Harbor a unique scientific institution. We explore behind the scenes in the "tank room" of the Darwin Centre, where thousands of biological specimens up to 300 years old are kept.