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You might be surprised to know that water is one of the most scarce resources in Antarctica. Why do the hands on clocks go "clockwise?" Seems like a circular definition, but if you looked closely at sundials in the northern hemisphere, you'd notice that the shadow of the sun moves around the sundial in a "clockwise" direction. This was adopted by clock-makers and became the standard we know today.
In the southern hemisphere, the sun's shadow moves around the dial in the opposite direction, so if clocks had been invented there, our watches would move the other way. We speak with biologist David Ainley, who has been studying Adelie penguins in Antarctica for more than 25 years A Kenn Borek Basler (Turbo DC-3) taxis, takes-off, and flies low back over the field at Williams Airfield outside McMurdo Station, Antarctica Our Exploratorium team talks to scientists from POLENET (Polar Earth Observing Network). Kenn Borek Basler(s) (more accurately called a Turbo DC-3) at the Williams Field which services McMurdo Station, Antarctica. In this interview from in front of the Canada Glacier in Antarctica’s Taylor Valley, Hassan Basagic from Portland State University describes the essential role of polar glaciers in supporting the bare-bones ecosystems in the Dry Valleys. UC Berkeley astrophysicist Bill Holzapfel takes us on a tour of the South Pole Telescope and explains how it is unlocking the secrets of the Universe. We tour the NOAA Atmospheric Research Observatory at the South Pole where scientists are monitoring carbon dioxide levels, CFCs, solar radiation, and the ozone hole. Watch a few highlights from last year's Rubik's Cube Competition, and get ready to join us here at The Exploratorium on January 18, 2009, from 10am-4:30pm!