Exploratorium
Visitor Research and Evaluation
WHAT WE DO WHO WE ARE REPORTS AND PUBLICATIONS  
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List of Reports

Liz Alexander and Nina Hido. (December 2010). Turntable: Comparing Visitors' Observations.

 

Sue Allen. (August 2004). Finding Significance.

Sue Allen. (July 2004). Designs for Learning: Studying Science Museum Exhibits That Do More Than Entertain.

Sue Allen. (August 2003). Studying Learning in Museums.

Sue Allen. (January 2003). Seeing: The Interaction of Physiology, Culture, and Technology - A Synthesis of Summative Evaluation.

Sue Allen. (August 2002). Looking for Learning in Visitor Talk: A Methodological Exploration.

Sue Allen. (August 2000). How is Writing a Good Set of Questions Like Designing a Good Exhibit?

Sue Allen. (November 1997). Using Scientific Inquiry Activities in Exhibit Explanations.

Sue Allen. (August 1997). Sociocultural Theory in Museums: Insights and Suggestions.

Sue Allen and Katherina Audley. (August 1999). Traits of Life - Study A: Testing Specific Commonalities.

Sue Allen and Katherina Audley. (August 1999). Traits of Life - Study B: Asking for Visitors' Commonalities.

Sue Allen and Joshua Gutwill. (July 2009). Creating a Program to Deepen Interactivity at Interactive Science Exhibits.

Sue Allen and Joshua Gutwill. (October 2008). Digging Deeper at Exhibits: Tools for Building Visitors' Experimentation Skills. Presentation at the annual meeting of the Association of Science-Technology Centers. Philadelphia, PA.

Sue Allen and Joshua Gutwill. (April 2003). Designing for Interactivity: Five Common Pitfalls.

Sue Allen and Joshua Gutwill. (April 2003). Designing with Multiple Interactives: Five Common Pitfalls.

Sue Allen and Jennifer Kaufman. (June 1997). Teacher Institute Formative Evaluation: A Classroom-Based Study of Impact on Recent Alumni.

Sue Allen and Terre Lodgson. (March 1999). Revealing Bodies Temporary Exhibition.

 

Minda Borun. (April 2007). Listen: Making Sense of Sound Summative Evaluation.

 

Suzanne Buennagel. (March 2003). Avalanche Location Study.

Suzanne Buennagel and Joshua Gutwill. (January 2003). Avalanche.

 

Toni Dancu. (September 2010). Designing Exhibits for Gender Equity.

Toni Dancu and Joshua Gutwill. (October 2010). Getting Inside Immersive Exhibits: A Study of Exploratorium's Geometry Playground.

Toni Dancu, Joshua Gutwill and Nina Hido. (July 2011). Using Iterative Design and Evaluation to Develop Playful Learning Experiences.

Toni Dancu, Joshua Gutwill and Lisa Sindorf. (December 2009). Geometry Playground Pathways Study.

Toni Dancu and Nina Hido. (April 2010). Drawing In Circles.

 

Kirsten Ellenbogen, Toni Dancu and Cheryl Kessler. (November 2004). Microscope Imaging Station Summative Evaluation.

 

Veronica Garcia-Luis and Katherina Audley. (December 1999). Traits of Life: Common Design- Branching Study.

Veronica Garcia-Luis and Katherina Audley. (December 1999). Traits of Life: Common Design- DNA Demonstration Study.

Veronica Garcia-Luis and Katherina Audley. (December 1999). Traits of Life: Common Design- Embryos Study.

Veronica Garcia-Luis and Noah Feinstein. (May 2002). Seeing: Betsy's Hand Exhibit Evaluation.

Veronica Garcia-Luis and Noah Feinstein. (February 2002). Seeing: Count the Bounces Formative Evaluation Study.

Veronica Garcia-Luis and Noah Feinstein. (November 2001). Seeing: Dancing Dots Evaluation.

 

Joshua Gutwill. (October 2009). Building Field Trip Students’ Inquiry Skills. Presentation at the annual meeting of the Association of Science-Technology Centers. Ft. Worth, TX.

Joshua Gutwill. (July 2009). Coaching Field Trip Students in Inquiry. Presentation at the annual meeting of the Visitor Studies Association. St. Louis, MO..

Joshua Gutwill. (April 2009). Drawing Visitors In: Research-based Mediation Strategies to Engage Visitors with Objects in Science, Art and Children's Museums. Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Association of Museums. Philadelphia, PA.

Joshua Gutwill. (February 2009). The Group Inquiry by Visitors at Exhibits (GIVE) Project at the Exploratorium. Poster presented at the National Science Foundation's REESE PI Summit. Washington, D.C.

Joshua Gutwill. (June 2008). Challenging a Common Assumption of Hands-on Exhibits: How Counter-intuitive Phenomena Can Undermine Open-endedness.

Joshua Gutwill. (November 2007). Preliminary Tracking and Timing Results from SMM Workshop.

Joshua Gutwill. (March 2006). Hints of a Smaller World.

Joshua Gutwill. (January 2006). Labels for Open-ended Exhibits: Using Questions and Suggestions to Motivate Physical Activity.

Joshua Gutwill. (July 2005). Risk Review.

Joshua Gutwill. (May 2005). Magnetic Labyrinth.

Joshua Gutwill. (December 2004). Downhill Race: A Formative Evaluation Study Comparing Three Types of Rolling Disks.

Joshua Gutwill. (November 2004). Shaking Shapes.

Joshua Gutwill. (April 2004). Flow Trough Version 1.

Joshua Gutwill. (April 2004). Heat Camera Comparing Versions 1, 2 and 4.

Joshua Gutwill. (March 2004). Gravity Powered Calculator Version 2.

Joshua Gutwill. (January 2004). Pulley Table.

Joshua Gutwill. (April 2003). Gaining Visitor Consent for Research II: Improving the Posted Sign Method.

Joshua Gutwill. (January 2003). Seeing Observation Studies - Individual Exhibits.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 2002). "Not Working" Sign Study.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 2002). Spinning Blackboard / Patterns.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 2002). Turntable.

Joshua Gutwill. (September 2002). Review of the Museum Learning Collaborative Website.

Joshua Gutwill. (August 2002). Floating Objects Label Study.

Joshua Gutwill. (August 2002). Visible Vibrations (originally Chladni Patterns) - Adding Memory Buttons.

Joshua Gutwill. (July 2002). Gaining Visitor Consent for Research: Testing the Posted Sign Method.

Joshua Gutwill. (July 2002). Rotating Mirrors.

Joshua Gutwill. (July 2002). Visible Vibrations (originally Chladni Patterns).

Joshua Gutwill. (June 2002). Providing Explanation to Visitors Affects Their Inquiry Behavior: A Study of the Downhill Race Exhibit.

Joshua Gutwill. (June 2002). Wave.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 2001). Floating in Copper.

Joshua Gutwill. (July 2001). Do Visitors Find Exploratorium Exhibits Difficult to Use?

Joshua Gutwill. (March 2001). Seeing Section Pre Interview.

Joshua Gutwill. (November 2000). Revealing Bodies Summative Evaluation.

Joshua Gutwill. (July 2000). Adjustable Plaything.

Joshua Gutwill. (March 2000). Air Rings: How Many Visitors Thought They Produced a Ring?

Joshua Gutwill. (December 1999). Thermal Impressions Interview and Observational Studies.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 1999). Blow Out Your Toaster.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 1999). Catch a Falling Spark.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 1999). Fog Chamber Interview Results Label: Photo of Fog on Golden Gate Bridge.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 1999). Heat and Temperature: Front End Evaluation Report.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 1999). Hot Light.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 1999). Skillets Visitor Observation Study.

Joshua Gutwill. (September 1999). Circuit Workbench.

Joshua Gutwill. (February 1999). Son of Transformer.

Joshua Gutwill. (November 1998). E&M First Impression Interview Report.

Joshua Gutwill. (October 1998). How Should We Label Our Magnets?

Joshua Gutwill. (October 1998). Polarized Radio Waves.

Joshua Gutwill. (September 1998). Motor Effect.

Joshua Gutwill and Sue Allen. (April 2011). Deepening Students' Scientific Inquiry Skills During a Science Museum Field Trip.

Joshua Gutwill and Sue Allen. (July 2010). Group Inquiry at Science Museum Exhibits: Getting Visitors to Ask Juicy Questions.

Joshua Gutwill and Sue Allen. (July 2010). Facilitating Family Group Inquiry at Science Museum Exhibits.

Joshua Gutwill and Sue Allen. (May 2002). Finding Significance: Testing Methods for Encouraging Meaning-making in a Science Museum.

Joshua Gutwill and Suzanne Buennagel. (April 2003). Floating Objects Version 4: Two Blowers.

Joshua Gutwill and Veronica Garcia-Luis. (May 2000). Audio Tour Evaluation.

Joshua Gutwill and Nina Hido. (October 2003). 3D Shapes with Walls.

Joshua Gutwill, Nina Hido and Suzanne Buennagel. (December 2003). 3D Shapes.

Joshua Gutwill and Adam Klinger. (June 2005). Gene Searcher.

Joshua Gutwill and Adam Klinger. (May 2005). DNA Model.

 

George Hein. (March 2003). Traits of Life - Summative Evaluation.

 

Nina Hido. (December 2009). Tessellator.

Nina Hido. (December 2009). Distorted Mirrors - Hopscotch.

Nina Hido. (October 2009). Dividing Space - Side Label.

Nina Hido. (January 2008). Space Filling Shapes - Truncated Octahedrons.

Nina Hido. (November 2007). Mirror Anamorphosis - Large.

Nina Hido and Toni Dancu. (August 2010). Gyroid Climber - Challenge Activities.

Nina Hido and Toni Dancu. (August 2007). Space Filling Shapes.

Nina Hido and Toni Dancu. (August 2007). Voronoi Sandbox - Version 2.

Nina Hido and Toni Dancu. (July 2007). Voronoi Sandbox - Version 1.

Nina Hido and Joshua Gutwill. (May 2007). Adventure Playground - Front End Report.

Nina Hido and Joshua Gutwill. (May 2002). Spinning Blackboard.

 

Sherry Hsi, Joyce Ma, Adrian Van Allen, Kristin Sikes, and Melissa Alexander. (January 2007). From "Guerrilla" Methods to Structured Evaluations: Examples of Formative Web Design from the Exploratorium's Evidence and Mind Projects.

 

Adam Klinger. (February 2009). Spiral Zoom on a Nasturtium Leaf.

Adam Klinger. (October 2007). Tear Machine Formative Evaluation.

Adam Klinger and Sue Allen. (July 2008). Tools and Methods Behind a Rigorous Video Analysis Research Project. Poster presented at the meeting of the Visitor Studies Association. Houston, TX.

Adam Klinger and Sue Allen. (December 2005). Listening: Making Sense of the Sonic Soup Front-end Evaluation.

Adam Klinger and Joshua Gutwill. (March 2006). Blast Searcher Formative Evaluation.

Adam Klinger and Joshua Gutwill. (March 2006). DNA Model Formative Evaluation.

 

Joyce Ma. (April 2013). Engaging Museum Visitors with Scientific Data through Visualization: A Comparison of Three Strategies.

Joyce Ma. (March 2012). Living Liquid: Design and Evaluation of an Exploratory Visualization Tool for Museum Visitors.

Joyce Ma. (January 2012). Visitors’ Prior Knowledge and Interests in Marine Microbes and Metagenomics.

Joyce Ma. (October 2010). Living Liquid Exhibit Cluster.

Joyce Ma. (August 2008). Illustration - Zoom into a Butterfly.

Joyce Ma. (August 2008). Spiral Zoom on a Human Hand.

Joyce Ma. (July 2008). Visitors' Interpretations of Images of the Nanoscale.

Joyce Ma. (January 2008). Three Drops.

Joyce Ma. (November 2007). Illustrations - Human Bloodstream and Butterfly.

Joyce Ma. (October 2007). Visitors' Drawings of Small.

Joyce Ma. (October 2007). Daisy - Eliciting Richer Conversations at a Chatbot.

Joyce Ma. (September 2007). Scale Ladders - Communicating size and scale.

Joyce Ma. (September 2007). Floor Prompts for Self-Reflection.

Joyce Ma. (July 2007). New Tools for Tracking and Timing.

Joyce Ma. (May 2007). Time-Lapse.

Joyce Ma. (January 2007). Be Here Now.

Joyce Ma. (January 2007). Cloud Column.

Joyce Ma. (August 2006). Puzzle Table.

Joyce Ma. (August 2006). Sea Urchin with Dr. Fred Wilt.

Joyce Ma. (July 2006). Rubber Hand.

Joyce Ma. (June 2006). Divided Attention.

Joyce Ma. (May 2006). Rack Your Brain on the Mind Online Interactive Kiosk.

Joyce Ma. (May 2006). Timing and Tracking for the Mind In Progress Section.

Joyce Ma. (April 2006). Theatre of the Mind (Iteration 2).

Joyce Ma. (March 2006). What's Underground?

Joyce Ma. (February 2006). Philosopher's Corner.

Joyce Ma. (December 2005). Daisy.

Joyce Ma. (December 2005). Fading Sensations.

Joyce Ma. (November 2005). Personality Portrait.

Joyce Ma. (September 2005). Lift II.

Joyce Ma. (September 2005). Startle Response.

Joyce Ma. (September 2005). Viewports (Cargo Ships, Cargo Cranes and Mt Diablo).

Joyce Ma. (June 2005). Currents.

Joyce Ma. (June 2005). Evaluation at Rincon Park: Lessons Learned about Audience and the Evaluation Process.

Joyce Ma. (June 2005). Lift.

Joyce Ma. (June 2005). Listening Tube.

Joyce Ma. (June 2005). Raindrop Plotter.

Joyce Ma. (June 2005). Urban Sound Garden at Rincon Park.

Joyce Ma. (June 2005). Viewfinder.

Joyce Ma. (May 2005). Characterizing Audience and Traffic Flow at Rincon Park and Brannan Street.

Joyce Ma. (May 2005). OUIJA Board: (Part of the superstition obstacle course).

Joyce Ma. (March 2005). Looking at Thinking.

Joyce Ma. (March 2005). Viewports (Reflections and Clouds and Fog).

Joyce Ma. (November 2004). Walk-along: What visitors notice on their way to the Exploratorium.

Joyce Ma. (October 2004). Experiments in Noticing: The Noticing Tours.

Joyce Ma. (September 2004). Sky Mosaic: Building a Shared Mosaic.

Joyce Ma. (June 2004). Sky Mosaic: Matching Task.

Joyce Ma. (December 2003). Plasma Screen over Axiovert Standalone - Attraction Power.

Joyce Ma. (December 2003). Zebrafish on the Axiovert: A Comparison between Two Physical Layouts.

Joyce Ma. (August 2003). XYZ Control with Interactive Media - A Look Across 3 Different Specimens.

Joyce Ma. (July 2003). Stage Cam.

Joyce Ma. (July 2003). Teacher Surve.

Joyce Ma. (June 2003). Listening Vessel - Label Positions.

Joyce Ma. (January 2003). Air Reed.

Joyce Ma. (January 2003). Do visitors bring music with them to the Exploratorium?

Joyce Ma. (January 2003). Rhythm Rounds.

Joyce Ma. (November 2002). Usability - Visitor Interface for the Axiovert200M XYZ Control.

Joyce Ma. (October 2002). Open-Ended Exploration with a Noticing Toolkit at the Palace of Fine Arts.

Joyce Ma. (August 2002). Dissecting Scope - Visitors' Questions and Comments to Specimens.

Joyce Ma. (August 2002). Pentaphone.

Joyce Ma. (August 2002). Zebrafish Development Time-Lapse Video - Holding Time.

Joyce Ma. (July 2002). Tone Memory.

Joyce Ma. (June 2002). Visitors' Preconceptions about Thinking and Feeling.

Joyce Ma. (May 2002). Interpretative Elements for Time-Lapse Video.

Joyce Ma. (May 2002). Usability - Axiovert200M Visitor Interface.

Joyce Ma. (May 2002). Visitors' Questions about the Mind.

Joyce Ma. (March 2002). Time-Lapse Video - Visitors' Questions and Comments.

Joyce Ma. (March 2002). Walking Beats.

Joyce Ma. (January 2002). Metaphors for Mind and Consciousness.

Joyce Ma. (January 2002). Mindful Beings: Visitors' Descriptions of Emotions, Intelligence, Consciousness, Creativity, and Mind.

Joyce Ma. (January 2002). Visitors' Descriptions of Knowledge/ Belief Change.

Joyce Ma. (January 2002). Visitors' Preconceptions about Emotions and Actions.

Joyce Ma. (January 2002). Visitors' Reflections on their Learning: What's Easy and What's Difficult to Learn?

Joyce Ma. (November 2001). Sound Spectrogram.

Joyce Ma. (October 2001). The Language Kiosks: Hearing Missing Sounds, Harpin Boont, Ladle Rat Rotten Hut, and Repeating Words.

Joyce Ma.and Karen Chang. (February 2007). Limelight.

Joyce Ma, Veronica Garcia-Luis and Jackie Wong. (May 2004). Noticing Tour: Then and Now at the Palace of Fine Arts.

Joyce Ma and Emily Hatch. (June 2004). Media Pod.

Joyce Ma and Mary Kidwell. (March 2004). Zebrafish Stories.

Joyce Ma and Debbie Kim. (December 2004). Talking Board.

Joyce Ma and Adam Klinger. (February 2005). Emotional Faces.

Joyce Ma and Annie Lien. (October 2004). Experiments in Noticing: Exhibit Prototypes.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (December 2004). Visitor Conversations around an Interactive Microscope Exhibit.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (October 2004). Point It Out: Iteration 1.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (August 2004). Implicit Association Test.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (August 2004). Superstition Obstacle Course.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (February 2004). Visitors' interest, questions, and observations about GFP Zebrafish under the Axiovert200M.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (November 2003). Axiovert Standalone Specimen - Blood.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (October 2003). Zebrafish with Magnification - Comparison of two Physical Layouts.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (June 2003). XYZ Control with Interactive Media for Sea Urchin Embryos/Larvae.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (April 2003). Sea Urchin Embryos on the Axiovert200M.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (February 2003). Amoeba on the Axiovert Standalone (with XYZ Control and Media).

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (February 2003). Axiovert Standalone XYZ Control with Interactive Media for Zebrafish.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (December 2002). Usability - Visitor Interface for the Axiovert200M XYZ Control with Interactive Media.

Joyce Ma and Jackie Wong. (November 2002). Axiovert - Amoeba Live Image and Label.

Joyce Ma, Jackie Wong and Emily Hatch. (July 2004). Visitors' outdoor plans, preconceptions, and interests.

Joyce Ma, Jackie Wong and Emily Hatch. (June 2004). Axiovert with Specimen Selection.

Joyce Ma, Jackie Wong and Emily Hatch. (May 2004). GFP Worms on the LEICA Dissecting Microscope.

Joyce Ma, Jackie Wong and Emily Hatch. (May 2004). GFP Worms on the LEICA Dissecting Microscope - Searching for and Looking at Worms.

Joyce Ma, Jackie Wong and Emily Hatch. (April 2004). Prototype Media Piece for the Zebrafish - Activities and Personal Connections.

Joyce Ma, Jackie Wong and Adam Klinger. (April 2004). GFP Flies on the LEICA Dissecting Microscope - Usability and Interest.

Joyce Ma, Jackie Wong, Jessica Ruskin and Veronica Garcia-Luis. (February 2005). Noticing Tour: Kite Cam.

 

Wendy Meluch. (July 2009). Outdoor Exploratorium - Summative Evaluation.

Wendy Meluch. (May 2008). The Mind Collection - Summative Evaluation.

 

Sarah Rezny and Joshua Gutwill. (February 2000). Air Rings.

 

Beverly Serrell. (March 2009). The Outdoor Exploratorium: Experiments in Noticing and Understanding. A Summative Evaluation of the First Seven OE Exhibits.

Beverly Serrell. (January 2003). Seeing Summative Evaluation - Tracking and Timing Study.

 

Lisa Sindorf. (August 2012). Funhouse Mirrors.

Lisa Sindorf. (July 2012). Interpreting the Lab.

Lisa Sindorf. (March 2012). Mosquito Magnet.

Lisa Sindorf. (February 2012). Nerve Speed Indicator.

Lisa Sindorf. (February 2011). Watch Mushrooms Grow.

Lisa Sindorf and Toni Dancu. (August 2011). Characterizing Audience and Traffic Flow at Pier 39 and the Ferry Building.

 

Carey Tisdal. (August 2004). Phase 2 Summative Evaluation of Active Prolonged Engagement at the Exploratorium.

Carey Tisdal and Deborah Perry. (March 2004). Going APE! At the Exploratorium: Interim Summative Evaluation Report.

 

Katherine Whitney. (January 2003). Seeing 3-Exhibit Pre-Post Interview Study.

Katherine Whitney. (January 2003). Seeing Collection Pre-Post Study.

 

Jackie Wong. (May 2004). Germ Buster Demonstration.

Jackie Wong and Joyce Ma. (April 2004). Giant Chromosomes Demonstration.

 

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