Jan / 09
14 Jan / 09
Sarnath is located about 12 km (7.5 miles) from the Hindu holy city of Varanasi. Sarnath itself is sacred to Buddhists, because it is the site where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma after his enlightenment. Sarnath is one of four holy Buddhist sites sanctioned by the Buddha himself for pilgrimage.
Photo by anna_t
Photo by anna_t
About 5 weeks after attaining Enlightenment the Buddha, leaving Uruvela, travelled to Sarnath to join and teach them. He went to them because, using his spiritual powers, he had seen that his five former companions would be able to understand Dharma quickly.
While travelling to Sarnath, Gautama Buddha had to cross the Ganges. Having no money with which to pay the ferryman, he crossed the Ganges through the air. When King Bimbisāra heard of this, he abolished the toll for ascetics.
When Gautama Buddha found his five former companions, he taught them, they understood and as a result they also became enlightened. At that time the Sangha, the community of the enlightened ones, was founded.
The sermon Buddha gave to the five monks was his first sermon, called the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta. It was given on the full-moon day of Asalha. This event is know as "turning the wheel of the Dharma".
- To preserve the Tibetan culture and tradition
- To restore ancient Indian sciences and literature preserved in the Tibetan Language, but lost in the original
- To offer an alternative educational facility to students of Indian border areas who formerly availed the opportunity of recieving higher education in Tibet.
- To accomplish gains of teaching and scope of research in traditional subjects in a framework of the modern university system of education with the provision for award of degrees in Tibetan studies.