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Yeast is Fussy About Temperature

Yeast is Fussy About Temperature

From The Inquisitive Cook, by Anne Gardiner and Sue Wilson with the Exploratorium (Henry Holt and Co., 1998).

300° F—400° F (150° C–205° C)

Surface temperature of a browning crust.


200° F (100° C)

Interior temperature of a loaf of just-baked bread.


130° F—140° F (55° C–60° C)

Yeast cells die (thermal death point).


120° F—130° F (49° C–55° C)

Water temperature for activating yeast designed to be mixed with the dry ingredients in a recipe.


105° F—115° F (41° C–46° C)

Temperature of water for dry yeast reconstituted with water and sugar.


100° F (38° C)

or lower When yeast is mixed with water at too low a temperature, an amino acid called glutathione leaks from the cell walls, making doughs sticky and hard to handle.


95° F (35° C)

Temperature for liquids used to dissolve compressed yeasts.


80° F—90° F (27° C–32° C)

Optimum temperature range for yeast to grow and reproduce at dough fermentation stage.


70° F—80° F (21° C–27°C)

Recommended water temperature for bread machines.

40° F (4° C)

Recommended refrigerator temperature. Used directly from the fridge, yeast is too cold to work properly.