1. If your globe has a stand, carefully remove it. Then take all your materials to a sunlit outdoor space with level ground.
2. Place the globe on top of its base. Find your location on the globe, and rotate the globe until your location is centered at the top.
3. You need to align your globe so that it's Geographic North Pole points true north. A compass will show you magnetic north, and then you’ll need to adjust for your magnetic declination, which is the difference between magnetic north and true north. First, use a compass to find magnetic north and note the direction. From there, here's how to find true north—the planet’s Geographic North Pole:
a. First, check here to find your location’s magnetic declination. On the right side of the page, type in your zip code, then click “Get & Add Lat/Lon,” which will fill in the latitude and longitude for your location on the left side of the page.
b. Click “Calculate.” Note the information under the word “Declination” in the map box that appears. For the location of the Exploratorium, for instance, it reads: 13° 30' E ± 0° 20', which means magnetic north is 13 degrees and 30 minutes (13.5 degrees) east of true north, and that this measurement is accurate to within plus or minus 20 minutes.
c. Once you have your magnetic declination, you can find true north (the Geographic North Pole) by adjusting your direction by the number of degrees indicated:
If the declination reading indicates your compass needle points too far to the east (as the Exploratorium’s does), turn your compass dial that many degrees back to the west (counterclockwise).
If the declination reading indicates your compass needle points too far to the west, turn your compass dial that many degrees back to the east (clockwise).
4. Keeping your location at the top center, rotate the globe until its Geographic North Pole points true north, toward the planet’s Geographic North Pole. When you’re done, the position of your globe will be aligned with the position of planet, relative to the sun.