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Glossary

Glossary

Booby(a type of bird)

 

'Ākau

True north on the Hawaiian star compass

 

'A'ā

The star Sirius

 

'ale; 'ōhū

Swells are stable patterns of long-traveled ocean waves created by the strong winds of distant storms. Ocean swells are an important navigational clue because they tend to maintain their direction.

 

'Elepaio

A forest bird, also called a fly catcher, that was important to canoe building.

 

'Ohana

Family

 

'Ulu

The breadfruit tree and its fruit

 

Hānaiakamalama

Translated literally as "cared for by the moon," this is the name given to the constellation called the Southern Cross

 

Hōkūleʻa

Arcturus, Hawai'i's zenith star

 

Hōkūlei

The star Capella

 

Hōkūpa'a

Polaris, the North Star

 

Haka

Empty, also the name of one of the houses on the Hawaiian star compass

 

Hala

The pandanus tree, also called the "walking palm"

 

Hale

House, in reference to the Hawaiian star compass, which contains 32 hale

 

Hawai'i

The name used to identify the country, state, and island of Hawai'i

 

Hawai'iloa

The name of a great chief, said in some accounts to have discovered Hawai'i. This name was also given to a voyaging canoe built using only natural materials.

 

Hema

South, or left

 

Hikina

East

 

Hipu'uwalu

Figure eight knot. Also called the stopper knot, this knot stops a rope frm passing through a hole or grommet.

 

Ho'olua

The northwest quadrant of the Hawaiian star compass

 

Hoapa'a

Clove hitch. Also used for hog-tying wild pigs, this knot is used to temporarily tie down the sweep, the large paddle used to steer the canoe.

 

Ipu

A gourd

 

The ti leaf plant

 

Kaiwikuamo'o

One of the four Hawaiian starlines, also called the backbone

 

Kalo

Taro, the main staple food of Hawai'i

 

Kapa

A cloth made from the punded inner bark of the wauke (paper mulberry) plant

 

Kapolina

Bowline. This knot is used to tie two canoes together or to tie down sails. 

 

Ko'olau

The northeast quadrant of the Hawaiian star compass

 

Komohana

West

 

Kona

The southwest quadrant of the Hawaiian star compass

 

Kukui

The candlenut tree

 

Mai'a

Banana

 

Malanai

The southeast quadrant of the Hawaiian star compass

 

Manu

Bird. Also the bow and stern pieces of a Hawaiian canoe, and also one of the houses of the Hawaiian star compass

 

Noni

A plant with fruit that is used for medicines and dyes

 

Pahu

Square knot. When the sweep won't be in use for a while, it gets tied down with this knot.

 

Pelupaku'i

Sheet bend. This knot is for joining two lengths of rope together.

 

Pikoholo

Slip knot. This knot conveniently releases when you tug on it.

 

Taro

A plant fundamental to the traditional Hawaiian diet, called kalo in Hawaiian

 

Wa'a

Canoe

 

Wauke

Paper mulberry plant, used to make kapa or bark cloth.