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In June, Santa Clara County formally declared racism a public health crisis, and counties across the country are considering similar declarations. So, how did we get here: how have racist practices and bias been embedded in medical practices, and how do racism and bias within legal institutions contribute to widespread and long-term health discrepancies that disproportionately affect people of color? Find out from Dr. Duana Fullwiley, an anthropologist of science and medicine, and Dr. Erin Kerrison, whose work takes a legal-epidemiological approach to public health.
Tonight's program features:
Dr. Duana Fullwiley is an anthropologist of science and medicine studying how social identity, health outcomes, and molecular genetics increasingly intersect. She has become particularly interested in how scientists promote civic ideas of “genetic citizenship,” how they enlist participant involvement in specific disease research problems, and how they contribute to social movements of historical reckoning.
Dr. Erin Kerrison’s work considers how law and legal institutions operate as social determinants of health. Her mixed-method research investigates the compounded impact that structural disadvantage, concentrated poverty, and state supervision has on substance abuse, access to health care, and other health outcomes for individuals and communities marked by criminal justice intervention.
Looking for more? Check out these resources.
Breathing Race Into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics by Lundy Braun
Tracing the little-known history of the spirometer, Braun’s book is an unsettling account of the pernicious effects of racial thinking that divides people along genetic lines. This book helps us understand how race enters into science and shapes medical research and practice.
"The Molecularization of Race and Institutions of Difference: Pharmacy and Public Science after the Genome" by Duana Fullwiley
Dr. Fullwiley’s chapter appears in the book Revisiting Race in a Genomic Age (Edited by Barbara A. Koenig, Sandra Soo-Jin Lee, Sarah S. Richardson)
Hidden in Plain Sight: Reconsidering the Use of Race Correction in Clinical Algorithms by Darshali A. Vyas, M.D., Leo G. Eisenstein, M.D., and David S. Jones, M.D., Ph.D.
This book assesses the use of race-adjusted algorithms in clinical settings.
The “Contemporary Synthesis”: When Politically Inclusive Genomic Science Relies on Biological Notions of Race by Duana Fullwiley ((2014) Isis. 105(4):803-814. Access online version here.)
The Force of Fear: Police Stereotype Threat, Self-Legitimacy, and Support for Excessive Force
By Rick Trinkner, Erin M. Kerrison, Phillip Atiba Goff
Referenced in tonight’s conversation with Dr. Erin M. Kerrison, this paper examines the relationship between stereotype threat and racism in policing.
Object to Subject: Three Scholars on Race, Othering and Bearing Witness by Andrew Grant-Thomas
This conversation between Dr. Erin Kerrison, School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley; Wizdom Powell, Health Disparities Institute, University of Connecticut; and Abigail Sewell, Sociology, Emory University centers on the health impacts of “othering” Black people and members of other marginalized communities.